Section V: Hawaiian Recordings in the Slack Key Tunings

Section V: Hawaiian Recordings in the Slack Key Tunings

C & Bb Tunings

C1. C-G-E-G-C-E Bb8. F-Bb-C-F-A-D C15. C-G-C-G-B-D C24. C-G-D-G-A-D
C2. G-C-E-G-C-E C9. C-F-D-G-B-E C16. F-G-C-G-B-D C25. C-G-C-G-A-D
Bb2. F-Bb-D-F-Bb-D C10. F-C-D-G-B-E C17. D-G-C-G-B-D C26. C-G-C-G-D-E
C3. C-G-C-G-C-E Bb10. Eb-Bb-C-F-A-D C18. G-C-C-G-B-E C27. C-G-E-G-D-E
C4. F-G-C-G-C-E C11. C-G-E-G-B-E C19. C-G-C-G-B-E C28. G-C-E-G-D-E
C5. C-G-D-G-B-D C12. G-C-E-G-B-E C20. C-G-E-G-A-E C29. C-G-D-F-B-E
C6. G-C-D-G-B-D Bb12. F-Bb-D-F-A-D C21. G-C-E-G-A-E C30. E-A-D-G-B-E
Bb6. F-Bb-C-F-A-C C13. C-G-E-G-B-D Bb21. F-Bb-D-F-G-D
C7. C-G-D-G-B-E C14. G-C-E-G-B-D C22. C-G-C-G-A-E
C8. G-C-D-G-B-E Bb14. F-Bb-D-F-A-C C23. F-G-C-G-A-E

Bb Tunings

Since Bb Tunings are closely related to C Tunings (they are the same as C Tunings, except with the lowest 2 pitches tuned up and reversed, and are very often tuned up to sound in the key of C), all Bb Tunings are listed with the C Tunings, right after the C Tuning that each is related to.

C1. C-G-E-G-C-E

Called Atta's C Tuning. Can also be played solo effectively in the keys of F and G.

Keola Beamer:

C1
    ISLAND BORN ('Ohe Records 96118)
    • 'Olapa Ka Uila I Kane'ohe

Atta Isaacs, Jr.:

C1
    HE MELE KU'U PU'U WAI [backing up Leilani Sharpe Mendez] (IL 001)
    • Sweet Tubarose

Atta Isaacs, Sr.:

C1
    ATTA (Tradewinds Records 1126)
    • How'd You Do - Played in the key of F.
    • Hualalai - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • Ke Anuenue
    • Kohala March
    • Kokohi-Moani Ke Ala - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • Kolopa - Played in the keys of C and G.
    • Mele Li'i - Played in the key of F.
C1
    TWO SLACK KEY GUITARS - A-LIVIN'-ON-EASY [with Gabby Pahinui] (Tradewinds Records 1124)
    • I'm-a-Livin'-on-a-Easy - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of C and G. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Ke Oni Nei Ka Huila or Luau Hula - Atta plays second guitar in this tuning. Gabby Pahiniu plays the lead guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Keali'i's Mele - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Wahine Tuning (C-G-E-G-B-E).
    • Leaping Loli - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Manuela Boy - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of C and G. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the G Major Tuning (D-G-D-G-B-D).
    • March Medley (Aia Hiki Mai/Haili Po Ika Lehua) - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Wahine Tuning (C11: C-G-E-G-B-E).
    • Noho Au A Kupa - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of D and C. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Wahine Tuning (C11: C-G-E-G-B-E).
    • Po La'ila'i - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of C, A and F. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Vaya Con Dios - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of C and D. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Wahine U'i E - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Waltz Medley (Uluhua Wale Au/Pulupe/Sweet Lei Mamo) - Atta plays lead guitar in this tuning in the keys of G, F and C. Gabby Pahiniu plays second guitar in the C Wahine Tuning (C-G-E-G-B-E).
C1
    HAWAI'I'S FAVORITE SLACK KEY & STEEL GUITAR VOL. 1 [with The Maile Serenaders] (Hula Records 517) - Formerly titled KANI KA PILA! VOL. 1.
    • 'Alekoki - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • Hanohano Hanalei - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • He'eia - Played in the keys of C and D.
    • Hi'ilawe
    • Kona Hema
    • Kona Kai 'Opua - Played in the key of F.
    • Moku Kia Kahi - Played in the keys of C and A minor.
    • Nani Ko'olau - Played in the keys of C and F. This track also appears on the anthology recording WE ARE HAWAI'I (Hula Records 21).
    • 'Ula No Weo
    • 'Ulele E - Played in the keys of C and D.
    Note: Kona Kai 'Opua and Nani Ko'olau also appear on the Gabby Pahinui "Best Of" recording, THE KING OF SLACK KEY - THE BEST OF GABBY PAHINUI VOLUME 1 (Hula Records 578), formerly titled KA MAKANA A PAHINUI (THE GIFT OF PAHINUI), erroneously attributed to Gabby Pahinui instead of Atta Isaacs, Sr.
C1
    ALVIN KALEOLANI ISAACS & SONS [with Alvin, Barney and Norman Isaacs] (Lilinoe Records 101 - out-of-print)
    • Ke Kumuhana Nui
C1
    THIS IS EDDIE KAMAE AND THE SONS OF HAWAI'I [with Eddie Kamae & the Sons of Hawai'i] (Hula Records 513 - out-of-print)
    • Beautiful Ke Ala - Played in the keys of G and C.
    • Ko Hanu Ka'u E Li'a Nei
C1
    15 HAWAIIAN FAVORITES [backing up Poki-San] (Poki Records 9002 - out-of-print) - Also issued with the title INSTRUMENTAL HAWAIIAN FAVORITES - POKI-SAN & FRIENDS.
    • Kaimana Hila/Waikapu Medley - Played in the keys of C and Eb.
C1
    GABBY PAHINUI HAWAIIAN BAND VOL. 2 (Panini Records 1008)
    • How'd Ya Do - Played in the key of F and Bb. Atta Isaacs is featured on slack key guitar on this song
C1
    GABBY (the "Brown Album") (Panini Records 1002)
    • Hi'ilawe-1947/Luau Hula - On Luau Hula only, Atta plays lead guitar on 6 string guitar, tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab, and fingers in the keys of C and F, therefore sounding in the keys of Ab and Db. Gabby Pahinui plays 12 string guitar in C Wahine Tuning (#C11: C-G-E-G-B-E), also tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab, and fingers in the keys of C and F, therefore sounding in the keys of Ab and Db.
C1
    KUHIO BEACH GIRL [backing up Linda Dela Cruz] (Tradewinds Records 1123) - These same tracks appear on the "Best Of" album, THE BEST OF LINDA (Tradewinds Records 2201).
    • Come My House - Played in the keys of C and D.
    • Do I Deserve It
    • Mama
    • Marcella Wahine - Played in the key of D.
C1
    STEEL GUITAR HAWAIIAN STYLE [with Jerry Byrd] (Lehua Records 7023)
    • Hilo March - Played in the keys of E, A and D. (Atta's solo is in the key of D.) This is a rare track featuring slack key guitar with acoustic steel guitar.
    • How D'ya Do - Played in the keys of A and F. (Atta's solo is in the key of F.)
    • Jesu Meke Kanaka Waiwai
    • Kawohikukapulani - Played in the keys of F and A.
    • Pa'au'au Waltz - Played in the key of G.
C1
    MELVEEN WITH THE BEST OF SLACK KEY [backing up Melveen Leed] (Lehua Records 7046)
    • Nanea Kou Maka - Played in the keys of F, C, F and G.
    • Pauoa Liko Ka Lehua
C1
    CHARLES K.L. DAVIS AT HOME [backing up Charles K.L. Davis] (Hula Records 532)
    • 'Ekolu Mea Nui - Played in the key of Bb.
    • Paoakalani - Played in the keys of Bb, F and A.
C1
    3 UKULELES [backing up John Lukela] (Waikiki Records 325)
    • Slack Key Medley (Malekas Lullaby/Na Puanani O Hawai'i/Kuu Ipo Kuu Pua Aloha/Honolulu Town) - Played in the keys of C, F and A.
C1
    BILL KAIWA SINGS AT MAUNALAHILAHI! [backing up Bill Kaiwa, with The Sons of Hawai'i] (Hula Records 519)
    • Ka'iuonalani - Played in the key of D.
    • Ka Leo - Played in the key of F.
    • Ka Wai O Hi'ilawe - Played in the key of F.
    • Kawiliwili Iho Au - Played in the key of G.
    • Lili'i Lehua I Mana - Played in the key of G.
    • Maunalahilahi - Played in the key of F.
    • Pelekani - Played in the key of F.
    • Puna Paia 'A'ala - Played in the key of Bb.
    • Wahine Hele La - Played in the keys of F and C.
C1
    THE NEW HAWAIIAN BAND - HANA OLA COLLECTOR SERIES, VOL. 7 [with the New Hawaiian Band] (Hana Ola 12000, formerly Trim Records 1975)
    • Green Rose Hula - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • Haole Hula - Played in the key of G.
    • Kekaupu (Love Song)
    • Maikai Makani/Kui Au - Played in the keys of C and F.
C1
    SONGS OF THE PACIFIC [backing up Wainani Kanealii] (Lehua Records 5021 - out-of-print)
    • Keanuenue
    • Kuhio Bay - Played in the keys of F and C, tuned down one half step to sound in the keys of E and B.
    • Namolokama "Kani Uina"
    • Nani Kaua'i - Played in the key of G.
    • Nuku O Nuuanu - Played in the key of F.
    • Puu O Hulu - Played in the keys of F and C, tuned down one half step to sound in the keys of E and B.
C1
    GIRL FROM PAPAKOLEA [backing up Marcella Kalua with The Sons of Hawai'i] (Mahalo Records 4012, formerly Makaha Records 4012 - out-of-print)
    • Hali'ilua - Played in the keys of A and D, tuned down one half step to sound in the keys of Ab and C#.
    • Ha'upu- Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
    • Kaho'olawe - Played in the key of F, tuned down one half step to sound in the key of E.
    • Kahuli Aku - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
    • Lantana E - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
    • Lei Hinahina - Played in the key of F, tuned down one half step to sound in the key of E.
    • Lei Kiele - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Po Mahina - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Punalu'u - Played in the key of F, tuned down one half step to sound in the key of E.
    • U'i - Played in the keys of D and G, tuned down down one half step to sound in the keys of C# and F#.
C1
    HAUOLI [with the ensemble Hauoli] (Sounds of Hawai'i 5026 - out-of-print)
    • Lahaina Luna
    • 'Akaka Falls - Played in the key of A, D and C. (Atta's solo is in the key of D.)
C1
    THE WAIMANALO KEIKIS - MELE KALILIMAKA
    • 'Ekolu Mea Nui - Played in the keys of A, C and A again.

George Kuo:

C1
    HAWAIIAN TOUCH [duet album with Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38026)
    • Lahaina Luna - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on accoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Medley: 'Ahulili & Nani Wale Na Hala - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on accoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).

Cyril Pahinui:

C1
    6 & 12 STRING SLACK KEY (Dancing Cat 38010)
    • Hanauma Bay
    • Hilo E
    • Ipo Lei Manu
    • Ka Makani Ka'ili Aloha
    • Lei 'Ohu - Tuned down three half steps to the key of A.
    • Moani Ke 'Ala
    • No Ke Ano Ahiahi
    • Panini Pua Kea
C1
    NIGHT MOON - PO MAHINA (Dancing Cat 38030)
    • Hawaiian Cowboy - Slacked down to the key of A.
    • Hi'ilawe - Tuned down one half step to the key of B.
    • Kawaihae - Tuned down one half step to the key of B.
    • Kowali - Tuned down two half steps down to the key of Bb.
    • Mauna Loa - Tuned down about two or three half steps to a pitch between the keys of Bb and A.
    • Po Mahina - Tuned down three half steps down to the key of A.
C1
    CYRIL PAHINUI (Pahinui Records 6068)
    • Maile Lau Li'ili'i
    • Nani Ka'ala
    • Po Mahina
    • Sun Down
    • Tropical Night
C1
    KA HO'OILINA MAU (Poki Records 9062)
    • Hula O Makee
    • Ka Moa'e
    • Makee 'Ailana
    • Manu 'O'o
    • Pu'uanahulu
    • Waikiki Hula
C1
    THE PAHINUI BROS. [with the Pahinui Brothers] (Panini Records 2014; and in Mainland American on Private Music 82098)
    • Henehene Ko Aka - Capoed up to the 2nd fret to sound in the key of D.
    • Kowali - Capoed up to the 2nd fret to sound in the key of D.
    • Mele of My Tutu E - Capoed up to the 2nd fret to sound in the key of D.
    • O Kamawailua Lani - Capoed up to the 2nd fret to sound in the key of D.
C1
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • Mele Kalikimaka
C1
    FOUR HANDS SWEET & HOT [duet album with Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38048)
    • E Nihi Ka Hele - With Cyril playing in this tuning tuned down three half steps to key of A, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up two half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Hilo E/E Lili'u E - With Cyril playing in this tuning tuned down two half steps to key of Bb, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up three half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Hilo Hanakahi - With Cyril playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the Mainland C Major Tuning (#C3: C-G-C-G-C-E).
    • Hula O Makee - With Cyril playing in this tuning tuned down two half steps to key of Bb, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up three half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Ku'u Lei (My Wreath of Flowers) - With Cyril playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up five half steps to sound in the key of C.
    • Lei No Ka'iulani - With Cyril playing in this tuning tuned down two half steps to key of Bb, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up three half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Wai'alae - With Cyril playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the key of C.
    • Wai Ulu - With Cyril playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the Mainland C Major Tuning (#C3: C-G-C-G-C-E).

Wayne Reis:

C1
    HARDLY WORKING [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Kahanu Records 1004)
    • Haleakala
    • Hilo Hula - With Wayne playing in this tuning, and George Kuo on second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (#C20: C-G-E-G-A-E).
    • Kaho'olawe - With Wayne playing in this tuning, capoed up two half steps to sound in the key of D, and George Kuo on second guitar in the C Mauna Loa Tuning (#C20: C-G-E-G-A-E), capoed up two half steps to sound in the key of D.
    • Kaimuki Hula - With Wayne in this tuning, tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A, and fingering in the keys of C and Eb, therefore sounding in the keys of A and C, and George Kuo on second guitar in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the keys of C and A.
    • Kolohe Blues - With Wayne playing in this tuning, and George Kuo on second guitar in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Sanoe - With Wayne playing in this tuning in the keys of G and C, and George Kuo on second guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the keys of G and C.
C1
    HAWAIIAN RUSH [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Ho'olokahi Productions 202)
    • Do DAT Swing - Played in the keys of C and E.
    • I Ka Po Me Ke Ao - Played in the keys of C and G.
    • Kaua I Ke Aloha - Played in the key of A.
    • Ko Aloha Mau A Mau - Played in the keys of C, C# and D.
    • Ku'ulei 'Awapuhi
    • Mano O'o
    • Mele O Kaho'olawe
    • Nanakuli - played in the key of G
    • Pauoa Liko Ka Lehua

C2. G-C-E-G-C-E

Similar to Tuning #C1, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch. Often tuned down to the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb2).

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


Bb2. F-Bb-D-F-Bb-D

Can be tuned up as high as the key of C. Same as Tuning #C2, except the whole guitar is tuned down to the key of Bb.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C3. C-G-C-G-C-E

Called "Mainland" Open C Tuning. In Mainland America, called Open C Tuning.

John Keawe:

C3
    AUHELE (Homestead Productions 1002)
    • Waikoloa
    • Whale Talk

Mika'ele Mike McClellan:

C3
    THE LIFE OF THE LAND (Topsoil Records 7064) - To order, contact Mika'ele Mike McClellan, c/o Bartlett & Company, Box 10461, Portland, OR 97210.
    • Pu'u Wa'awa'a Slack Key Waltz
C3
    BACKYARD SLACK KEY & AUTOHARP (Topsoil Records 8128) - To order, contact Mika'ele Mike McClellan, c/o Bartlett & Company, Box 10461, Portland, OR 97210.
    • Lei Aloha Lei Makamae
    • Pu'uwa'awa'a

C4. F-G-C-G-C-E

Called Samoan C Major Tuning. Can also be played effectively in the key of F.

Keola Beamer:

C4
    Keola Beamer is experimenting with this tuning, playing in the key of F.

Sonny Chillingworth:

C4
    Minoi Minoi E - To be issued on a recording by Dancing Cat Records.

C5. C-G-D-G-B-D

Sometimes called Dropped C Tuning, Leonard's C Tuning, C Wahine Tuning or Taro Patch C Tuning.

Haunani Apoliona:

C5
    NA LEI HULU MAKUA, NA WAHINE HAWAI'I (Prism Records 4008)
    • Alu Like

Keola Beamer

C5
    MAUNA KEA - WHITE MOUNTAIN JOURNAL (Dancing Cat 38011)
    • 'Ulili E (The Wandering Tattler Bird)
C5
    MOHALA HOU - MUSIC OF THE HAWAIIAN RENAISSANCE ('Ohe Records 96120)
    • Guava Tree - Played in the key of G, and capoed up four frets to sound in the key of B. The second guitar is in Tuning #C11 (C-G-E-G-B-E), tuned down one half step to the key of B.

Sonny Chillingworth:

C5
    SONNY SOLO (Dancing Cat 38005)
    • Hi'ilawe
    • Hula Medley (Nani Wale Lihu'e/Wai'alae/Halona) - Tuned up one half step to sound in the key of C#.
    • Pua Lililehua
C5
    WAIMEA COWBOY (Lehua Records 2003, formerly Mahalo Records 4011)
    • Makee 'Ailana
C5
    SONNY CHILLINGWORTH (Lehua Records 2014 - out-of-print)
    • Kananaka - Played in the keys of G and C.
C5
    KA 'AINA 'O HAWAI'I (Lehua Records 2040 - out-of-print)
    • Hi'ilawe
    • Nanea Kou Maka
    • Pulupe
C5
    MELE-HULA VOLUME ONE [anthology album] (Noelani Records 102)
    • Makee 'Ailana - With the Tropic Islanders (and Vicki I'i Rodrigues). Originally issued on 78-RPM around 1955 (Island Recording Studio 304-A).
C5
    MELVEEN WITH THE BEST OF SLACK KEY [backing up Melveen Leed] (Lehua Records 7046)
    • Wai O Ke Ani Ani
C5
    HANOHANO OLINDA [backing up Leina'ala Haili] (Lehua Records 2029)
    • Ahi Wela

Led Kaapana:

C5
    BLACK SAND (Dancing Cat 38015)
    • Highway to Hana
    • Mokupuni Nui - Capoed up four frets to sound in the key of E.
C5
    LED LIVE - SOLO (Dancing Cat 38008)
    • I Kona - Capoed up to the second fret to sound in the key of D.
    • Na Ka Pueo - Capoed up to the third fret to sound in the key of Eb, and fingered in the keys of C and G, sounding in the keys of Eb and A.
    • Silver Strings - Capoed up to the fifth fret to sound in the key of F.
C5
    KIKA KILA MEETS KI HO'ALU [duet album with Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38031)
    • Kalama'ula - With Led playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the Mainland C Major Tuning (#C3: C-G-C-G-C-E).
    • Kolopa - With Led playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the key of C.
    • Ua Like No A Like - With Led playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the key of C.
C5
    IN THE SADDLE [duet album with Bob Brozman mainly on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38051)
    • Ahoe Hakuloa - With Led playing in this tuning, tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up three half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Kukuna O Ka La - With Led playing in this tuning, capoed up four frets to sound in the key of E, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of E.
    • Meleana E - With Led playing in this tuning, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned up five half steps to sound in the key of C.
C5
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • C-H-R-I-S-T-M-A-S (The Meaning of Christmas)
C5
    LIMA WELA! (Shaka Records 3003, formerly Leahi Records 2001)
    • Nahenahe
    • Silver Strings
C5
    FROM KALAPANA TO WAIKIKI (Lehua Records 7020)
    • Silver Strings - This track also appears on the recording BEST OF HUI 'OHANA VOLUME 1 (Lehua Records 7042).
C5
    WALTZ OF THE WIND (Dancing Cat 38016)
    • Mockin' Bird Hill - Capoed to the third fret to sound in the key of Eb.
    • My Sweetheart
    • Yesterday

Nedward Kaapana:

C5
    HIS OWN MAN (Lehua Records 7059)
    • Hilo Hawai'i/Nahenahe - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.

George Kahumoku, Jr.:

C5
    DRENCHED BY MUSIC (Dancing Cat 38038)
    • Ka Uluwehi O Ke Kai - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A, and fingering in the keys of C and G, to sound in keys of A and E.
    • U'i Lani - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
C5
    HAWAIIAN LOVE SONGS - NA MELE HO'ONIPONIPO HAWAI'I (Dancing Cat 38050)
    • E Maliu Mai - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Moku Hulu - Capoed to the second fret to sound in the key of D.
C5
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY GUITAR MASTERS COLLECTION, VOL. 2 (Dancing Cat 38046)
    • Ulu Niu Ke'eke'e (The Crooked Coconut Tree) - With George playing in this tuning, tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A, and playing a second guitar tuned to the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), which is capoed to the second fret to sound in the key of A.

Moses Kahumoku:

C5
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY [the Red Cassette] (private issue)
    • Puna - A version of this song is also to be issued on Dancing Cat Records.

John Keawe:

C5
    MANA'OLANA (Homestead Productions 1003)
    • Sea Tuning - Both guitars are played in this tuning.
C5
    ALOHA KAIKUA'ANA (Homestead Productions 1006)
    • Hi'ilawe - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
    • Ku'u Pua I Paoakalani
    • Maui Waltz/Rainbow Connection - With a second guitar part in Tuning #G1 (D-G-D-G-B-D), capoed up to the fifth fret to sound in the key of C.

Hal Kinnaman:

C5
    EARLY HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY MELODIES FOR GUITAR [with instruction book] (Ho'ike Publications, P.O. Box 159, Kihei, HI 96753 - out-of-print)
    • Nahenahe
    • Silver Threads/Waimanalo Blues

Ozzie Kotani:

C5
    KANI KI HO'ALU (Dancing Cat 38013)
    • Ku'u Lei Poina'ole
C5
    TO HONOR A QUEEN (E HO'OHIWAHIWA I KA MO'I WAHINE) - THE MUSIC OF LILI'UOKALANI (Dancing Cat 38018)
    • Aloha 'Oe
    • Pauahi 'O Kalani
    • Penei No (Keolaokalani)
C5
    CLASSICAL SLACK (Pacific Sound Design 1001 - out-of-print)
    • Kimo Henderson Hula - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.

George Kuo:

C5
    ALOHA NO NA KUPUNA - LOVE FOR THE ELDERS (Dancing Cat 38009)
    • Honesakala - With modulating transition 7th chords to sound in the keys of C and G.
    • Medley: Wai'alae & Koni Au I Ka Wai
C5
    HAWAIIAN TOUCH [duet album with Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38026)
    • Aloha Nui Ku'uipo - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Beautiful Kahana - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Goodnight Mapauna - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Waltz Medley (Honolulu Eyes/Aloha No Wau I Ko Maka/Wailana) - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Medley: Lei Momi & 'Ili Puakea - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Pua Lilia - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
    • Wehiwehi 'Oe - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
C5
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • Winter Wonderland - With George playing in this tuning, and Barney Isaacs on acoustic steel guitar in A Minor 7th Tuning (C-E-G-A-C-E).
C5
C5
    HO'OLOHE (LISTEN) [backing up Martin Pahinui] (Dancing Cat 38054)
C5
    HARDLY WORKING [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Kahanu Records 1004)
    • Kaimuki Hula - With George playing in this tuning in the keys of C and A, and Wayne Reis on second guitar in C Major Tuning (#C1: C-G-E-G-C-E), tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A, and fingering in the keys of C and Eb, therefore sounding in the keys of A and C.
    • Kolohe Blues - With George playing in this tuning, and Wayne Reis on second guitar in C Major Tuning (#C1: C-G-E-G-C-E).
C5
    IN KONA [backing up Owana Salazar] (Pipeline Records 1001)
    • Kaua'i Beauty
    • Ka Wai Lehua 'A'ala Ka Honua - Capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.

Leonard Kwan:

C5
    SLACK KEY [with the red cover] (Tradewinds Records 103) - Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • Kaneohe-Mama E - This track also appears on the recording SLACK KEY [with the black and white cover, which also has tracks by Ray Kane] (Tradewinds Records 106).
    • Nahenahe - On this album, the song Nahenahewiki is the same track as Nahenahe sped up to the key of Eb. This track also appears on the anthology album PARTY SONGS HAWAIIAN STYLE VOLUME 1 (Tradewinds Records 102) and on the recording SLACK KEY [with the black and white cover, which also has tracks by Ray Kane] (Tradewinds Records 106).
    • Silver Threads Among the Gold
C5
    THE OLD WAY (Tradewinds Records 1128) - Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • Hula Blues
    • Kealoha
    • Palolo
    • Uheuhene
C5
    KE 'ALA'S MELE (Dancing Cat 38004)
    • Kanaka 'O Mose
    • Kananaka
    • Ke'ala's Mele
    • Medley: Pretty Kehaulani & Ipo Hula
    • Medley: Puamana & Mi Nei
    • Yellow Bird
C5
    PARTY SONGS HAWAIIAN STYLE VOLUME 1 [anthology recording] (Tradewinds Records 102)
    • Nahenahe - This track also appears on the recordings SLACK KEY [with the red cover] (Tradewinds Records 103) and SLACK KEY [with the black and white cover, which also has tracks by Ray Kane] (Tradewinds Records 106). It has also been reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • Po Mahina - Backing up the Kamaha'os Trio. Played in the keys of C and G. This track has been reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • A Song to Hawai'i - Backing up Bob Pauhale Davis.
C5
    SLACK KEY [with the black and white cover, which also has tracks by slack key guitarist Ray Kane] (Tradewinds Records 106) - These songs have been reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • Kaneohe-Mama E - This track also appears on the recording SLACK KEY [with the red cover] (Tradewinds Records 103).
    • Nahenahe - This track also appears on the recording SLACK KEY [with the red cover] (Tradewinds Records 103) and on the anthology recording PARTY SONGS HAWAIIAN STYLE VOLUME 1 (Tradewinds Records 102).
C5
    LINDA, HAWAI'I'S CANARY [backing up Linda Dela Cruz on electric guitar] (Tradewinds Records 118)

Elmer Kohala Lim [with the Lim Family]:

C5
    KU KAULANA (Pumehana Records 4925)
    • Honoipu

Mika'ele Mike McClellan:

C5
    SOME NEW THINGS! (KI HO'ALU: HE MAU MEA HOU!) (Topsoil Records 9083)
    • 'Elua Na Pua I Ke Ao
C5
    BACKYARD SLACK KEY & AUTOHARP (Topsoil Records 8128) - To order, contact Mika'ele Mike McClellan, c/o Bartlett & Company, Box 10461, Portland, OR 97210.
    • Ilima's Song

Harry Kunihi Mitchell [with Ruth Leighton]:

C5
    45-RPM (Poki Records 7410) - Sides A and B.
    • Kuu Pua (My Flower)
    • Mele O Kaho'olawe (Song of Kaho'olawe) - This track also appears on the anthology album HANO HAO (Ginger Records 3002).

George Nainoa:

C5
    STRINGING ALONG WITH YOU HAWAIIAN STYLE [anthology album] (Waikiki Records 108 - out-of-print)
    • Slack Key Medley

Gabby Pahinui:

C5
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY VOL. I (Waikiki Records 319)
    • Lei Nani - Played in the keys of C and G.

C6. G-C-D-G-B-D

Similar to Tuning #C5, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch. Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb6).

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


Bb6. F-Bb-C-F-A-C

Can be tuned up as high as the key of C. Tuning #Bb6 is the same as Tuning #C6, except the whole guitar is tuned down to the key of Bb.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C7. C-G-D-G-B-E

Sometimes called Keola's C Tuning, and sometimes called Dropped C Tuning in Mainland America. Can also be played solo effectively in the key of G.

Keola Beamer:

C7
    MOE'UHANE KIKA - TALES FROM THE DREAM GUITAR (Dancing Cat 38006)
    • He Punahele No 'Oe
    • Holo Wa'apa
    • Ku'uipo Ku'u Lei
    • Lei 'Awapuhi
    • Medley: Bali Ha'i & Stranger in Paradise
    • Medley: Ke Ali'i Hulu Mamo & Kimo Hula - Ke Ali'i Hulu Mamo is played in the keys of A minor and C Major.
    • Sweet Singing Bamboo
C7
    MAUNA KEA - WHITE MOUNTAIN JOURNAL (Dancing Cat 38011)
    • Ka Wailele O 'Akaka ('Akaka Falls) - Played in the keys of F and C.
    • 'Imi Au Ia 'Oe
    • Ke'ena Malu (Quiet Place)
    • Keiki Dream - On steel string guitar in this tuning in the key of C capoed up nine frets to sound in the key of A, and a second guitar part on nylon string guitar also in this tuning capoed up two frets to sound in the key of A and played in the key of G.
    • Sase (Sassy) - Capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Sweet Lei Mamo
C7
    WOODEN BOAT (Dancing Cat 38024)
    • Don't You Want to Be My Baby
    • E Manono - Played in the key of of G minor.
    • Hemo Da Kope Bean
    • No Ke Ano Ahiahi
    • Shells
    • Where I Hold You
    • Wooden Boat
C7
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • Do You Hear What I Hear? - Playing acoustic guitars in this tuning, and electric guitars in C-F-C-F-C-F Tuning.
C7
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38044)
    • Away in a Manger
C7
    KOLONAHE - FROM THE GENTLE WIND (Dancing Cat 38047)
    • The Beauty of Mauna Kea
    • Ka Makani Ka'ili Aloha - Capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Kauhale O Kamapua'a - With one guitar in this tuning capoed up nine frets and fingered to sound in the key of A, and another guitar in this tuning capoed up two frets and fingered in G to sound in the key of A.
    • Maui Waltz - Played in the key of G.
    • Pele Trilogy
C7
    SOLILOQUY - KA LEO O LOKO (Dancing Cat 38012)
    • Kapalua Bay
    • The Myna Bird's Dobro - Played in the key of G.
    • Papa's 'Okolehao
    • Pauahi 'O Kalani
C7
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY GUITAR IN THE REAL OLD STYLE (Music of Polynesia 2033)
    • Adios Kealoha
    • The Beauty of Mauna Kea
    • Kaulana Na Pua - With the nylon string guitar part played in this tuning, and the steel string guitar part is in another C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Kawohikukapulani
    • Lovely Hula Hands
    • Pua Lili Lehua
    • The Real Old Style
C7
    ISLAND BORN ('Ohe Records 96118)
    • Makee 'Ailana
C7
    MOHALA HOU - MUSIC OF THE HAWAIIAN RENAISSANCE ('Ohe Records 96120)
    • Home - Played in the key of G.
    • Kawika - Played in the keys of A minor and C Major.
    • Look Into Your Eyes
    • Pretty Girl - Capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Pua 'Ahihi
    • Pupu Hinuhinu/Kahuli Aku/Ka Huelo 'Opae - Played in the keys of G and C.
    • Real Old Style
C7
    SWEET MAUI MOON (Paradise Productions 980)
    • Mango Tree - Capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Sweet Maui Moon - Capoed up four frets to sound in the key of E.
    • The Wings of the Seabird
C7
    HAWAIAN SLACK KEY GUITAR [Flexi-disc with instruction book] (Oak Publications - out-of-print)
    • Holo Wa'apa
    • Pupu Hinu Hinu
    • Sase

The Beamer Brothers [Keola and Kapono Beamer]:

C7
    THIS IS OUR ISLAND HOME - WE ARE HER SONS (Music of Polynesia 29000)
    • Pupu Hinu Hinu Medley - With Keola in this tuning playing in the keys of G and C, and Kapono in the G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), playing in the keys of G and C.

Cindy Combs:

C7
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • Medley: Kanaka Waiwai/Iesu No Ke Kahuhipa
C7
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38044)
    • Winter Wonderland
C7
    SLACK KEY LADY (Dancing Cat 38041)
    • Kaulana Na Pua - Playing in the key of G.
    • Kipu
    • Ku'u Home O Kahalu'u
    • Roselani Blossoms
    • Sweet Leilani
    • Sweet Memory
    • Wahine 'Ilikea

Led Kaapana:

C7
    LIMA WELA! (Shaka Records 3003, formerly Leahi Records 2001)
    • Koke'e
C7
    SIMPLY SLACK KEY (Paradise Records 970)
    • Alma Mater Medley: Pahoa and Pahala High School Songs - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • Come to Me Gently - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • E Ku'u Morning Dew - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • Kaua'i Waltz - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • Ku'u Ipo I Ka He'e Pu'e One - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • Maui Waltz - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • Ua Noho Au Akupa - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
    • You Are My Sunshine - With the main slack key part played on acoustic guitar in this tuning, capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E, and the second guitar part on electric guitar in Standard Tuning (#C30: E-A-D-G-B-E) in the key of E.
C7
    HUI 'OHAHA [with the group Hui 'Ohana] (Paradise Productions 920)
    • Kawaihae - Capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E.
    • Manowaiopuna (Koula) - Capoed up five frets to sound in the key of E.
C7
    BLACK SAND (Dancing Cat 38015)
    • Tue Hey - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.

Ray Kane:

C7
    WA'AHILA (Dancing Cat 38002)
    • Hi'ilawe - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C7
    NANAKULI'S RAYMOND KANE (Tradewinds Records 5530) - Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY RAY KANE - OLD STYLE SLACK KEY (Hana Ola 52000).
    • Wa'ialae-Halona Medley - Also contains the song Nani Wale Lihu'e.
C7
    MASTER OF THE SLACK KEY GUITAR (Rounder Records 6020)
    • Hi'ilawe - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.

C8. G-C-D-G-B-E

Similar to Tuning #C7, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch. Can also be played solo effectively in the key of G. Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb8).

Robert Kaaiai:

C8
    LINDA, HAWAI'I'S CANARY [backing up Linda Dela Cruz] (Tradewinds Records 118 - out-of-print)
    • Moanalua
    • Nani Ka'ala - This track also appears on the "best of " album THE BEST OF LINDA (Tradewinds Records 2201).
    • None Hula - This track also has Leonard Kwan playing in the C Wahine Tuning #C5 (C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Pauoa Liko Ka Lehua - This track also appears on the "best of " album THE BEST OF LINDA (Tradewinds Records 2201).

Bb8. F-Bb-C-F-A-D

Sometimes tuned up to the key of C. Tuning #Bb8 is the same as Tuning #C8, except the whole guitar is tuned down to the key of Bb. Can be played solo effectively in the key of F, as well as Bb.

Keola Beamer:

Bb8
    HAWAIAN SLACK KEY GUITAR [flexi-disc with instruction book] (Oak Publications - out-of-print)
    • Auntie Alice Namakelua's Song

C9. C-F-D-G-B-E

Joanie Komatsu:

C9
    Ka Honu Slack Key - To be released on a future recording on Dancing Cat Records.

C10. F-C-D-G-B-E

Similar to Tuning #C9, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


Bb10. Eb-Bb-C-F-A-D

Can be tuned up as high as the key of C. Tuning #Bb10 is the same as Tuning #C10, except the whole guitar is tuned down to the key of Bb.

C11. C-G-E-G-B-E

Sometimes called Hi'ilawe Tuning or Gabby's Hi'ilawe Tuning.

Keola Beamer:

C11
    SOLILOQUY - KA LEO O LOKO (Dancing Cat 38012)
    • Li'i's Song
C11
    MOHALA HOU - MUSIC OF THE HAWAIIAN RENAISSANCE ('Ohe Records 96120)
    • Guava Tree - Tuned down one half step to the key of B. The second guitar is in Tuning #C5 (C-G-D-G-B-D), played in the key of G, and capoed up four frets to sound in the key of B.
    • He'eia - Tuned down two half steps to the key of Bb.

Atta Isaacs, Sr.:

C11
    ALVIN KALEOLANI ISAACS & SONS [with Alvin, Barney and Norman Isaacs] (Lilinoe Records 101 - out-of-print)
    • Na Tiipaani O Na Tamalii - Played in the keys of G and C.

George Kuo:

C11
    ALOHA NO NA KUPUNA - LOVE FOR THE ELDERS (Dancing Cat 38009)
    • Golf Swing
C11
    NAHENAHE [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Hula Records 576)
    • Old Hi'ilawe

Cyril Pahinui:

C11
    'IA 'OE E KA LA - HELU 'EKAHI - VOL. 1 [backing up Palani Vaughan] (Nakahili Productions 100)
    • Kauliluaikeanu Waltz

Gabby Pahinui:

C11
    PURE GABBY (Hula Records 567)
    • Hi'ilawe
    • Nanea Ko Maka
    Note: These two tracks also appear on Gabby's "best of" recording THE KING OF SLACK KEY - THE BEST OF GABBY PAHINUI VOLUME 1 (Hula Records 578), formerly titled KA MAKANA A PAHINUI (THE GIFT OF PAHINUI).
C11
    Hi'ilawe - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B. Originally issued in 1946 on 78-RPM (Bell Records 505A - out-of-print). Reissued on the anthology album THE HISTORY OF SLACK KEY GUITAR - VINTAGE HAWAIIAN TREASURES VOL. 7 (Hana Ola Records 24000), which has 19 historical tracks by 9 slack key guitarists.
C11
    Hi'ilawe - Originally issued in 1947 on 78-RPM (Aloha Records 810- out-of-print). Reissued on the anthology album THE HISTORY OF SLACK KEY GUITAR - VINTAGE HAWAIIAN TREASURES VOL. 7 (Hana Ola Records 24000), which has 19 historical tracks by 9 slack key guitarists.
C11
    THE BEST OF HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY WITH GABBY PAHINUI (Waikiki Records 340)
    • Hi'ilawe
C11
    MUSIC OF OLD HAWAI'I [with the Sons of Hawai'i] (Hula Records 506)
    • He'eia - This track also appears on Gabby's "best of" recording THE KING OF SLACK KEY - THE BEST OF GABBY PAHINUI VOLUME 1 (Hula Records 578), formerly titled KA MAKANA A PAHINUI (THE GIFT OF PAHINUI).
C11
    THE FOLK MUSIC OF HAWAI'I [with the Sons of Hawai'i] (Panini Records 1001)
    • Aloha Chant - Tuned down five half steps to sound in the key of G.
    • I Love Christmas - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab.
    • Mauna Alani - Tuned down five half steps to sound in the key of G.
    • Moe Kokolo - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab.
    • Po'e Koa - Tuned down five half steps to sound in the key of G.
C11
    GABBY (Panini Records 1002) - Gabby plays 12 string guitar.
    • Hi'ilawe-1972 - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Hi'ilawe-1947/Luau Hula - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab, and fingered in the keys of C and F, therefore sounding in the keys of Ab and Db. With Atta Isaacs, Sr. on 6 string lead guitar in C Major Tuning (#C1: C-G-E-G-C-E), also tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab, and fingered in the keys of C and F, therefore sounding in the keys of Ab and Db.
C11
    GABBY PAHINUI HAWAIIAN BAND VOL. II (Panini Records 1008)
    • Kilakila 'O Moanalua/Inu I Ka Wai - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb. The second guitar part is played in Tuning #C20 (C-G-E-G-A-E), also tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C11
    A LEI OF SONGS FROM SAM [backing up Sam Kahalewai] (Four Winds Recording 2001 - out-of-print)
    • Beauty Hula
C11
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY VOL. II (Waikiki Records 320)
    • 'Alekoki - Played in the keys of C, F and G.
C11
    SONGBIRD OF HAWAI'I [backing up Lena Machado] (Harmony-Columbia 7182)
    • Songbird of Hawai'i - Capoed up 7 frets to sound in the key of G.

C12. G-C-E-G-B-E

Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb12). Similar to Tuning #C11, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

Frank Palani Kaina (a.k.a. Frank Palani) [with The Ho'opi'i Brothers]:

C12
    KAUNA (Poki Records 9030)
    • Wahine U'i - This track also appears on the anthology recording SLACK KEY GIANTS (Pumehana Records 4916).

Auntie Alice Namakelua:

C12
    The late Auntie Alice Namakelua also played in this tuning, as documented in an interview for the Bishop Museum by Mary Pukui.

Bb12. F-Bb-D-F-A-D

Sometimes tuned up as high as the key of C (see Tuning #C12). Tuning #Bb12 is the same as Tuning #C12, except the whole guitar is tuned down to sound in the key of Bb.

Leonard Kwan:

Bb12
    THE OLD WAY (Tradewinds Records 1128) - Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • New 'Opihi Moemoe
Bb12
    Hawaiian Chimes - This was Leonard Kwan's first recording, from approximately 1957. Originally issued on 45-RPM (Island Recording Studio 314 - out-of-print). Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).

C13. C-G-E-G-B-D

Called Hanalei C Tuning.

Carlos Andrade [with Na Pali]:

C13
    PACIFIC TUNINGS (Awapuhi Records 101)
    • When the Rain Is Over

C14. G-C-E-G-B-D

Called Led's New C Wahine Tuning. Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb14). Similar to Tuning #C13, except the lowest two bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

Led Kaapana:

C14
    BLACK SAND (Dancing Cat 38015)
    • Koke'e - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.

Bb14. F-Bb-D-F-A-C

Sometimes tuned up as high as the key of C (see Tuning #C14). Tuning #Bb14 is the same as Tuning #C14, except the whole guitar is tuned down to sound in the key of Bb.

Led Kaapana:

Bb14
    IN THE SADDLE [duet album with Bob Brozman mainly on acoustic steel guitar] (Dancing Cat 38051)
    • Bob & Led's Modern Slack Key - With Led in this tuning tuned down to the key of G, and Bob Brozman on acoustic steel guitar in G Major Tuning (#G1: D-G-D-G-B-D), tuned down three half steps to the key of G.

C15. C-G-C-G-B-D

Called Ni'ihau C Wahine Tuning.

Wayne Jacintho:

C15
    He Wai Mau (Julie's Song) - To be issued on a recording on Dancing Cat Records.

C16. F-G-C-G-B-D

Called Samoan C Wahine Tuning.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C17. D-G-C-G-B-D

Can be played in the key of G as well as C.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C18. G-C-C-G-B-E

Called Wela Kahau Tuning.

Malaki Kanahele:

C18
    Wela Kahau - To be issued on a recording on Dancing Cat Records. Also featured in Eddie Kamae's film about slack key guitar, THE HAWAIIAN WAY.

C19. C-G-C-G-B-E

Similar to Tuning #C18, except the two lowest bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C20. C-G-E-G-A-E

Called C Mauna Loa Tuning. Sometimes called Gabby's C Tuning. Also called Ki Melia Tuning on the island of Ni'ihau.

Carlos Andrade [with Na Pali]:

C20
    PACIFIC TUNINGS (Awapuhi Records 101)
    • Hawai'i Loa
    • Hokulea Hula

Keola Beamer:

C20
    WOODEN BOAT (Dancing Cat 38024)
    • Kealia
C20
    MOE'UHANE KIKA - TALES FROM THE DREAM GUITAR (Dancing Cat 38006)
    • 'Alekoki - Mistitled on the recording, actually the song Haole Hula by the late R. Alex Anderson.
C20
    ISLAND BORN ('Ohe Records 96118)
    • Old Man Pueo

Dennis Kamakahi:

C20
    PUA'ENA - GLOW BRIGHTLY (Dancing Cat 38036)
    • Ahe Lau Makani - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • 'Ahulili
    • Hilo Rag
    • Ipo Lei Manu - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Kapela
    • Kaua'i O Mano
    • Koke'e
    • Na Kupa O Wai'anae
    • Ninipo Ho'onipo
    • Waikiki Hula - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab.
C20
    'OHANA (FAMILY) (Dancing Cat 38043)
    • Aloha Ko'olau - Tuned down four half steps to the key of Ab.
    • Around the World
    • E Pupukanioe - Tuned down four half steps to the key of Ab.
    • He'eia - Tuned down two half steps to the key of Bb.
    • 'Ike Ia Ladana (Queen's Jubilee) - Both vocal and instrumental versions tuned down four half steps to the key of Ab.
    • Ka Hanu O Ka Hanakeoki - Tuned down two half steps to the key of Bb.
    • Moanalua - Tuned down two half steps to the key of Bb.
    • 'Ohana Slack Key - Tuned down two half steps to the key of Bb.
    • 'Ulili E
C20
    KI HO'ALU CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38037)
    • Christmas Memories
C20
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY CHRISTMAS (Dancing Cat 38044)
    • My Hawaiian Christmas - Tuned down one half step to the key of B.
C20
    EDDIE KAMAE PRESENTS THE SONS OF HAWAI'I - HO'OMAU [backing up the Sons of Hawai'i] (Hawai'i Sons 5005)
    • Ho'omau - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C20
    EDDIE KAMAE PRESENTS THE SONS OF HAWAI'I - GRASSROOTS MUSIC [backing up the Sons of Hawai'i] (Hawai'i Sons 6006)
    • Kaua'i O Mano - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C20
    HUI ALOHA [as part of the band Hui Aloha, with George Kuo, Martin Pahinui and David Kamakahi] (Dancing Cat 38053)
    • I Ka Po Ame Ke Ao - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Kaimana Hila - With Dennis in this tuning, capoed up two frets to the key of D, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning capoed up to the key of D, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) capoed up to the key of D.
    • Lepe 'Ula'ula - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Monterey Sunrise - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Palolo - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Panini Pua Kea - With Dennis in this tuning, tuned down to the key of Bb, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) tuned down to the key of Bb.
    • Pua Lantana - With Dennis in this tuning, tuned down to the key of Bb, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) tuned down to the key of Bb.
    • Pu'u Anahulu - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Sanoe - With Dennis in this tuning, and George Kuo on double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck also in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Steal Away - With Dennis in this tuning, capoed up two frets to the key of D, and George Kuo in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) capoed up two frets to the key of D.
C20
    'IA 'OE E KA LA - HELU 'EKAHI - VOL. 1 [backing up Palani Vaughan] (Nakahili Records 100)
    • Ka'a Ahi Kahului (Train Song) - With Dennis playing the first instrumental break in this tuning, and Cyril Pahinui playing the second instrumental break on second slack key guitar in Tuning #D6 (D-A-D-F#-B-E), tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of C.

Ozzie Kotani:

C20
    KANI KI HO'ALU (Dancing Cat 38013)
    • Ki Ho'alu
    • Ku'u Kika Kahiko (My Old Guitar)

George Kuo:

C20
    ALOHA NO NA KUPUNA - LOVE FOR THE ELDERS (Dancing Cat 38009)
    • Aloha Chant
    • He Inoa No Ka'iulani
    • Manu Kapalulu
    • Mauna Loa Blues
C20
    NAHENAHE [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Hula Records 576)
    • Maunaloa Blues
C20
    HARDLY WORKING [with the Kipapa Rush Band] (Kahanu Records 1004)
    • Hilo Hula - With George playing in this tuning, and Wayne Reis on second guitar in C Major Tuning (#C1: C-G-E-G-C-E).
    • Kaho'olawe - With George playing in this tuning, capoed up to the second fret to sound in the key of D, and Wayne Reis on second guitar in C Major Tuning (#C1: C-G-E-G-C-E), capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
C20
    HUI ALOHA [as part of the band Hui Aloha, with Dennis Kamakahi, Martin Pahinui and David Kamakahi] (Dancing Cat 38053)
    • I Ka Po Ame Ke Ao - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning.
    • Kaimana Hila - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning capoed up two frets to the key of D and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) also capoed up two frets to the key of D, and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning capoed up two frets to the key of D.
    • Lepe 'Ula'ula - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning.
    • Palolo - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning.
    • Panini Pua Kea - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) also tuned down to the key of Bb, and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb.
    • Pua Lantana - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D) also tuned down to the key of Bb, and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning tuned down to the key of Bb.
    • Pu'u Anahulu - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning.
    • Sanoe - With George on double-neck guitar with 12 string neck in this tuning and 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Dennis Kamakahi also in this tuning.
C20
    HO'OLOHE (LISTEN) [backing up Martin Pahinui] (Dancing Cat 38054)
    • Kanaka Waiwai (Iesu Me Ke Kanaka Waiwai)
    • Kauoha Mai - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, capoed up 2 frets to sound in the key of D, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Lei Hinahina - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Martin Pahinui on 6 string guitar in this tuning.
    • Lei No Ka'iulani - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, capoed up 2 frets to sound in the key of D, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Panini Pua Kea - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D).
    • Pua Lilia - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), played in the keys of F and C.
    • Waikapu - On double-neck guitar with the 12 string neck in this tuning, and the 6 string neck in C Wahine Tuning (#C5: C-G-D-G-B-D), and Martin Pahinui on 6 string guitar in this tuning.
C20
    POSTCARDS FROM HAWAI'I [backing up Keith and Carmen Haugen] (Kokua Records 8113)
    • Ke'ala Punahele - Capoed to the second fret to sound in the key of D.

Cyril Pahinui:

C20
    6 & 12 STRING SLACK KEY (Dancing Cat 38010)
    • Noenoe/Remember, Be Sure and Be There
C20
    NIGHT MOON - PO MAHINA (Dancing Cat 38030)
    • Pu'u Anahulu - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
C20
    KA HO'OILINA MAU (Poki Records 9062)
    • 'Ahulili - With Gabby Pahinui also in this tuning. Cyril plays to the 1958 Gabby Pahunui track of this song from the album THE BEST OF HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY WITH GABBY PAHINUI (Waikiki Records 340).
C20
    GABBY PAHINUI HAWAIIAN BAND VOL. I [backing up Gabby Pahinui] (Panini Records 1007 and Warner Brothers Records 3023, the Warner Brothers issue is out-of-print)
    • Pu'uanahulu - Features Cyril playing the introduction, the accompaniment and the instrumental solo in this tuning.

Gabby Pahinui:

C20
    PURE GABBY (Hula Records 567)
    • I Ka Po Me Ke Ao - Tuned down one half step to sound in the key of B.
    • Ki Ho'alu
C20
    Key Khoalu [sic] - Tuned down one half steps to sound in the key of B. Originally issued on 78-RPM (Bell Records 509B - out-of-print). Reissued on the anthology album THE HISTORY OF SLACK KEY GUITAR - VINTAGE HAWAIIAN TREASURES VOL. 7 (Hana Ola Records 24000), which has 19 historical tracks by 9 slack key guitarists.
C20
    GABBY PAHINUI WITH THE SONS OF HAWAI'I (Hula Records 503)
    • Lei No Ka'iulani
    • 'Ulili E - This track also appears on the anthology recording HAWAIIAN STARS (Hula Records 512 - out-of-print).
C20
    IN HAWAI'I THE STORY STARTS [anthology recording] (Waikiki Records 334)
    • Meleana E & Keawaiki - This track also appears on the recording DUKE KAHANAMOKU'S FAVORITES (Waikiki Records 124 - out-of-print).
C20
    THE BEST OF HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY WITH GABBY PAHINUI (Waikiki Records 340)
    • 'Ahulili
    • I Ka Po Meke Ao
C20
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY VOL. I (Waikiki Records 319)
    • Healoha No Honolulu - Played in the keys of C and F.
    • I Ka Po Meke Ao
C20
    HAWAIIAN SLACK KEY VOL. II (Waikiki Records 320)
    • Medleys: Moana Chimes/Kaulana Napua/Kuwili - The second part of this medley, Kaulana Napua, is played in the key of F in this tuning.
C20
    MUSIC OF OLD HAWAI'I [with the Sons of Hawai'i] (Hula Records 506)
    • Pauoa Liko Ka Lehua
C20
    HAWAI'I'S FAVORITE SLACK KEY & STEEL GUITAR VOL. 2 [with the Maile Serenaders] (Hula Records 531) - Formerly titled KANI KA PILA! VOL. 2.
    • Kahuli Aku
C20
    THE FOLK MUSIC OF HAWAI'I [with the Sons of Hawai'i] (Panini Records 1001)
    • Hanohano Hawai'i - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Huelo - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Ka Lae O Ka'ena - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Kanaka Waiwai - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Ku'u Pete - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Manu Kapalulu - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab.
    • No Ke Ano Ahiahi - Tuned down three half steps to sound in the key of A.
    • Waikiki Hula - Tuned down four half steps to sound in the key of Ab.
    • Wai Ulu - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C20
    GABBY PAHINUI HAWAIIAN BAND VOL. II (Panini Records 1008) - Gabby plays 12 string guitar.
    • Kilakila O Moanalua/Inu I Ka Wai - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb, and a second guitar part played in Tuning #C11 (C-G-E-G-B-E), also tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • No Ke Ano Ahiahi - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Waikiki Hula - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C20
    TWO SLACK KEY GUITARS - A-LIVIN'-ON-EASY [with Atta Isaacs, Sr.] (Tradewinds Records 1124)
    • Ke Oni Nei Ka Huila or Luau Hula - Gabby in this tuning, and Atta Isaacs on second guitar in Tuning #C1 (C-G-E-G-C-E).
C20
    MELVEEN WITH THE BEST OF SLACK KEY [backing up Melveen Leed] (Lehua Records 7046)
    • Ka I'iwi Polena - On the last part of this song, the guitar is capoed up two frets to sound in the key of D.
    • Ka Manu - Played in the keys of C and Eb.
C20
    3 UKULELES [backing up John Lukela] (Waikiki Records 325)
    • Ka Loa Loa La

Martin Pahinui

C20
    HO'OLOHE (LISTEN) (Dancing Cat 38054)

C21. G-C-E-G-A-E

Called Bb Mauna Loa Tuning. Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb (see Tuning #Bb21). Similar to Tuning #C20, except the lowest two bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

Led Kaapana:

C21
    LED LIVE - SOLO (Dancing Cat 38008)
    • E Lili'u E - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
    • Salomila - Tuned down two half steps to sound in the key of Bb.
C21
    BLACK SAND (Dancing Cat 38015)
    • Punahoa Special
C21
    LIMA WELA! (Shaka Records 3003, formerly Leahi Records 2001)
C21
    ONO [with the group Hui 'Ohana] (Poki Records 9010)
    • Punahoa Special
C21
    YOUNG HAWAI'I PLAYS OLD HAWAI'I [with the group Hui 'Ohana] (Lehua Records 7006)
    • E Liliu E
    • Salomila
C21
    MELVEEN WITH THE BEST OF SLACK KEY [backing up Melveen Leed] (Lehua Records 7046)
    • Na Pua Ka 'Ilima

Elmer Kohala Lim [with the Lim Family]:

C21
    SOUNDS FROM KOHALA (Pumehana Records 4911)
    • Punahoa Special

Fred Punahoa [Led Kaapana's late uncle]:

C21
    THE WAIMEA MUSIC FESTIVAL [anthology album] (Panini Records 1006)
    • Slack Key Instrumental #1 - Actual title is Punahoa Special.

Bb21. F-Bb-D-F-G-D

Sometimes tuned up as high as the key of C (see Tuning #C21). Tuning #Bb21 is the same as Tuning #C21, except the whole guitar is tuned down to the key of Bb.

Mika'ele Mike McClellan:

Bb21
    BACKYARD SLACK KEY & AUTOHARP (Topsoil Records 8128) - To order, contact Mika'ele Mike McClellan, c/o Bartlett & Company, Box 10461, Portland, OR 97210.
    • Ka Makani Ka'ili Aloha

C22. C-G-C-G-A-E

Sometimes called Ni'ihau C Mauna Loa Tuning. Can be played solo effectively in the keys of G as well as C.

Leonard Kwan:

C22
    SLACK KEY [with the red cover] (Tradewinds Records 103) - Reissued on CD on Hana Ola Records with the title THE LEGENDARY LEONARD KWAN - THE COMPLETE EARLY RECORDINGS (Hana Ola 53000).
    • Pau Pilikia - Also issued on 45-RPM (Tradewinds Records 206 - out-of-print).

C23. F-G-C-G-A-E

Called Samoan C Mauna Loa Tuning.

Sonny Chillingworth:

C23
    SONNY SOLO (Dancing Cat 38005)
    • Let Me Hear You Whisper - Tuned up two half steps to sound in the key of D.

C24. C-G-D-G-A-D

Keola Beamer:

C24
    WOODEN BOAT (Dancing Cat 38024)
    • Dancers in the Land of Po - Played in the keys of G and C.

Wayne Jacintho:

C24
    Humboldt Slack Key - To be issued on a recording on Dancing Cat Records.

C25. C-G-C-G-A-D

Keola Beamer:

C25
    MOE'UHANE KIKA - TALES FROM THE DREAM GUITAR (Dancing Cat 38006)
    • E Ku'u Morning Dew

C26. C-G-C-G-D-E

Called Ka Honu (Turtle) Tuning.

Keola Beamer:

C26
    MOE'UHANE KIKA - TALES FROM THE DREAM GUITAR (Dancing Cat 38006)
    • Winter Tide

C27. C-G-E-G-D-E

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning, although slack key guitarist Cindy Combs may record something in it.)


C28. G-C-E-G-D-E

Sometimes tuned down as low as the key of Bb. Similar to Tuning #C27, except the lowest two bass strings are tuned up and reversed in pitch.

(Nothing has been recorded in this tuning.)


C29. C-G-D-F-B-E

Cindy Combs:

C29
    Puolo Point - To be issued on a recording on Dancing Cat Records.

C30. E-A-D-G-B-E

See C30: Standard Tuning.



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